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10.- Preposiciones

10.- Preposiciones

Preposición Modo Significado Ejemplo
About Lugar: por todo There are many chairs about the room
  Tiempo: alrededor It is about ten o'clock
  Circunstancia: sobre I've got a book about animals
Above Lugar: por encima de There's a house above the lake
Across Lugar: a través de He walks across the street
  Lugar: al otro lado de The shop is across the street
After Lugar: detrás de I go after you in the list
  Tiempo: despues de I go to the cinema after dinner
Against Lugar: contra The table is against the wall
  Circunstancia: contra He is against me
Along Lugar: a lo largo de Go along the street
Among Lugar: entre (varios) The dog is among the flowers
Around Lugar: alrededor We're around the table
At Lugar: en He's at the bus stop
  Tiempo: a las He came at seven o'clock
  Circunstancia: en He is very good at singing
Before Lugar: delante de I'll be before the post-office
  Tiempo: antes de I don't come before two
Behind Lugar: detrás de She's behind her mother
Below Lugar: por debajo de I can't breathe below the sea
  Circunstancia: por debajo de Six degrees below zero
Beside Lugar al lado de I live beside the cinema
Between Lugar entre (dos) The cat is between you and me
  Tiempo: entre He came between two and three
Beyond Lugar: más alla de The sea is beyond these hills
  Tiempo: más alla de Don't stay there beyond midnight!
For Lugar: para This is the train for London
  Tiempo: durante I was in hospital for ten days
  Circunstancia: para That is for you
From Lugar: desde The train from London
  Tiempo: desde From six to seven
  Circunstancia: de There is a letter from your father
In Lugar: dentro de She is in the room
  Tiempo: dentro de I'll come back in ten minutes
  Tiempo: en (meses) I was born in June
Inside Lugar: dentro de I'll be inside the room
Into Lugar: en (movimiento) Please, come into the room
  Circunstancia: en (cambio) Translate this word into French
Like Circunstancia: como He was like a son to me
Near Lugar: cerca de The dog is near the house
Of Circunstancia: de A dress of silk
Off Lugar: fuera de He is off the class
On Lugar: en (sobre) The book is on the table
  Tiempo: en (días) On Mondays
Outside Lugar: fuera de Outside the walls
Over Lugar: sobre The plane is over the city
  Lugar sobre (movimiento) He jumped over the fence
  Circunstancia: más de He must be over fifty
Past Lugar: más allá The hospital is a mile past the school
  Tiempo pasado (para la hora, y) It's ten past four
Since Tiempo: desde I haven't seen her since last week
Through Lugar: a través de He came in through the window
Till Tiempo: hasta Please, wait till Monday
To Lugar: a, hacia I go to the cinema
  Tiempo: hasta From five to six
  Tiempo: menos (para la hora) It's five to one
  Circunstancia: a (con obj. indirecto) I gave it to him
Under Lugar: debajo de The cat is under the table
  Circunstancia: menores de (edad) Children under ten
Until Tiempo: hasta Please, wait until tomorrow
Up Lugar: en lo alto de I live up the mountain
  Lugar hacia arriba Go up the ladder
With Circunstancia: con (compañía) Come with me, please
  Circunstancia: con (instrumento) With a knife
  Circunstancia: de (característica) The girl with the blue dress