16.- Presente perfecto
16.- Presente Perfecto
1.1.- Afirmativo: Suj + presente de to have + participio. Ej: I have played, you have gone, he has spoken.
1.2.- Negativo: Suj + presente de to have + not + participio. Ej: I have not gone, you have not played, he has not spoken.
1.3.- Interrogativo: Presente de to have + suj + participio. Have I gone?, have you played?, has he spoken?.
* Contracciones del sujeto con el presente de to have: I have ==> I've; you have ==> you've; he has ==> he's; she has ==> she's; it has ==> it's; they have ==> they've
* Contracciones verbo to have + not: have not ==> haven't; has not ==> hasn't.
* No confundir las contracciones he's, she's e it's Ej: He's going => he is going (Presente Progresivo) pero he's gone => he has gone (Presente Perfecto)
1 Para acciones acabadas cuando el tiempo no es indicado. Si nos interesa cuando ocurre la acción usamos el Pasado Simple.
Ej: I've seen Madonna in concert. I saw Madonna in concert last summer.
2 Para acciones que empezaron en el pasado y aun no han acabado.
3 Uso con just => acabar de.
Ej: I've just seen her.
4 Usos con never y ever.
Ej: I have never been in Moscow. The most beautiful girl I have ever seen.
Ejemplo de conjugación de un verbo en Presente Perfecto
|I have spoken||I have not spoken||have I spoken?|
|You have spoken||You have not spoken||have you spoken?|
|He has spoken||He has not spoken||has he spoken?|
|She has spoken||She has not spoken||has she spoken?|
|It has spoken||It has not spoken||has it spoken?|
|We have spoken||We have not spoken||have we spoken?|
|They have spoken||They have not spoken||have they spoken?|